Sudden breakouts around the mouth are typically caused by a hormonal imbalance. This is because hormones play a role in the skin's production of oil. When the hormones produce excess oil, acne can develop. Women in particular can suffer quite badly from hormonal acne because they are susceptible to many hormonal changes. Things like the monthly cycle, contraception and pregnancy can all disrupt the delicate balance of hormones.
When a woman's progesterone levels spike the oil glands are over stimulated, causing them to produce excess oil. This is turn can lead to breakouts. Unfortunately for women hormonal break outs can be quite obvious because they frequently appear as papules on the skins surface. Papules are solid raised pimples which do not contain pus; therefore no amount of squeezing will reduce them. The good news, however is that hormonal acne isn't usually widespread across the face. Hormonal acne typically only occurs on the lower half of the face especially around the chin, mouth and jaw line.
Hormonal acne affects women of all ages. During a woman's normal cycle progesterone levels increase after ovulation which is why many women get break outs the week or so before their period. During the first few months of pregnancy progesterone levels also increase causing many expecting mothers to suffer from acne. This tends to subside after the first trimester. Many progesterone based contraceptives like the Depo Provera injection cause people to break out and even menopause can sometimes trigger acne.
If you find hormonal acne particularly worrisome you should consult your doctor because it can be treated with medication. A woman's hormones can be regulated with oral contraceptives or if a contraceptive is the problem you could try switching contraceptives. Typically the combined oral contraceptive pill or drugs like roaccutane or spironolactone are prescribed. Make sure you inform your doctor if you are pregnant or trying to get pregnant because some drugs like roaccutance can be damaging to an unborn child.
If your hormonal acne is accompanied by other symptoms of a hormonal imbalance like; increased hair growth, an irregular menstrual cycle, or carrying weight around your stomach instead of the hip area then you should definitely consult a doctor. A doctor can request a blood test to see what is going on with your hormone levels and look into possible underlying conditions.
If you only suffer from the occasional hormonal breakout before your period there are a few things you can do at home. Firstly clean your face with an antibacterial cleanser. Then hold a piece of ice to the spot for around a minute. This should help reduce the redness and swelling. It is then a good idea to gently apply a few drops of lavender essential oil to the spot. Lavender possesses antibacterial and healing properties and helps reduce redness and inflammation. If you would then like to try and conceal the spot make sure you use a natural mineral concealer which won't clog the pores.
Hormonal acne usually clears up quickly when you get your hormones in balance so do not be tempted to pick at spots as this can cause infection or scarring. Instead give your skin a little extra TLC around that time of the month or for more prolonged acne see your doctor for treatment.